Who did the case? Perceptions on resident operative participation

Jennifer A. Perone, Grant T. Fankhauser, Deepak Adhikari, Hemalkumar B. Mehta, Majka B. Woods, John H. Strohmeyer, Douglas S. Tyler, Kimberly M. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background The ACGME case log is one of the primary metrics used to determine resident competency; it is unclear if this is an accurate reflection of the residents' role and participation. Methods Residents and faculty were independently administered 16-question surveys following each case over a three-week period. The main outcome was agreement between resident and faculty on resident role and percent of the case performed by the resident. Results Matched responses were collected for 87 cases. Agreement on percent performed occurred in 61% of cases, on role in 63%, and on both in 47%. Disagreement was more often due to resident perception they performed more of the case. Faculty with <10 years experience were more likely to have disagreement compared to faculty with ≥10 years (p = 0.009). Conclusions There was a high degree of disagreement between faculty and residents regarding percent of the case performed and role. Accurate understanding of participation and competency is vital for accrediting institutions and for resident self-assessment meriting further study of the causes for this disagreement to improve training and evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)821-826
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017


  • Competency
  • Milestones
  • Operative skills
  • Perceptions
  • Residency training
  • Surgical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Who did the case? Perceptions on resident operative participation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this