Understanding risk factors for severe acute malnutrition among children during war conflict in yemen

Gaber M. Al-Mushiki, Galal A. Al-Samhari, Ameen A. Alahsab, Fadhl Al-Shaebi, Lijun Tao, Qiuan Zhong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major public health concern in Yemen, particularly in areas affected by ongoing conflict war. SAM is defined as a very low weight for height, by visible severe wasting, or by the presence of nutritional edema. The prevalence of SAM in Yemen has increased dramatically since the onset of the conflict. Prior studies have focused on evaluating prevalence, but this novel study aimed to assess the risk factors associated with SAM prevalence. Five thousand two hundred and seventeen patients of SAM admitted at 12 sentinel hospitals were enrolled, and data were collected and analyzed. Marasmus was the most common form. Numerous risk factors contribute to the high prevalence of SAM in Yemen, including food insecurity. The current conflict has hampered food production, distribution, and access. Awareness of risk factors can prevent SAM in the general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-467
Number of pages5
JournalIndian journal of public health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Associated factor
  • Yemen
  • political conflict
  • sentinel hospitals
  • severe acute malnutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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