The sub-peritoneal arterial plexus of Sir William Turner

Mohammadali M. Shoja, R. Shane Tubbs, Marious Loukas, Ghaffar Shokouhi, Kamyar Ghabili, Paul S. Agutter

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Sir William Turner (1832-1916) was Professor of Anatomy at the University of Edinburgh. His classic paper of 1863 on the anastomoses between the parietal and visceral branches of the abdominal aorta, later known as the sub-peritoneal arterial plexus of Turner, has mostly been forgotten. Located in the retroperitoneum and surrounding the kidneys and other adjacent structures, this plexus is an important route of collateral circulation. In the current paper, we discuss the sub-peritoneal arterial plexus as described by Turner in 1863 and review the literature concerning its potential clinical significance in the kidney, emphasizing its probable role in the metastatic spread of various tumors of abdominal organs and in the continuing viability of the kidney after renal artery occlusion. A biographical sketch of Sir William Turner is also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-198
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Anatomy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Arterial
  • Intraparietal sulcus
  • Sub-peritoneal arterial plexus
  • William Turner

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Developmental Biology


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