The Rickettsioses: A Practical Update

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Rickettsia are small, obligately intracellular, gram-negative bacilli. They are distributed among a variety of hematophagous arthropod vectors and cause illness throughout the world. Rickettsioses present as an acute undifferentiated febrile illness and are often accompanied by headache, myalgias, and malaise. Cutaneous manifestations include rash and eschar, which both occur at varying incidence depending on the infecting species. Serology is the mainstay of diagnosis, and the indirect immunofluorescence assay is the test of choice. Reactive antibodies are seldom present during early illness, so testing should be performed on both acute-phase and convalescent-phase sera. Doxycycline is the treatment of choice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-229
Number of pages17
JournalInfectious disease clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2019


  • Epidemic typhus
  • Murine typhus
  • Rickettsia prowazekii
  • Rickettsia rickettsii
  • Rickettsia typhi
  • Rocky mountain spotted fever
  • Spotted fever group rickettsioses
  • Vector-borne disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


Dive into the research topics of 'The Rickettsioses: A Practical Update'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this