The effect of systemic erythropoietin and oral prednisolone on recent-onset non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: a randomized clinical trial

Homayoun Nikkhah, Mahya Golalipour, Azadeh Doozandeh, Mohammad Pakravan, Mehdi Yaseri, Hamed Esfandiari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the effect of systemic erythropoietin, as well as oral steroids, in the management of recent-onset non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). Method: Patients diagnosed with NAION within 5 days were randomized into group A (systemic erythropoietin), group B (oral steroids), and group C (control). Group A received 10,000 units of erythropoietin twice a day for 3 days. Group B received oral prednisone 75 mg daily tapered off in 6 weeks. Results: The mean best-corrected visual acuity (± SD) at the time of presentation was 1 ± 0.56, 1.01 ± 0.6, and 0.94 ± 0.47 logMAR in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P = 0.140); corresponding values at 6-month follow-up were 0.70 ± 0.44, 0.73 ± 0.35, and 0.75 ± 0.39 logMAR, respectively (P = 0.597). Fifty-five percent of patients in group A versus 34.3% in group B and 31.2% in group C had an improvement of at least 3 lines in the best-corrected visual acuity values at the 6th month of follow-up visit (P = 0.04). Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layers at presentation were 189 ± 58, 193 ± 64, and 199 ± 62 micrometers, respectively (P = 0.779), which decreased to 88 ± 12, 74 ± 25, and 71 ± 18, respectively at 6-month follow-up (P = 0.041). Conclusion: The findings of our study indicate the beneficial effects of systemic erythropoietin in preserving the function and structure of the optic nerve in recent-onset NAION. Trial registration: Clinical registration number: IR.SBMU.ORC.REC.1397.18

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2291-2297
Number of pages7
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume258
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Erythropoietin
  • Neuroprotection
  • Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION)
  • Systemic steroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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