The effect of normal red cell constituents on the activities of red cell enzymes

Satish K. Srivastava, Ernest Beutler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The effect of 2,3-DPG, pyridoxal-5′-P, pyridoxal, pyridoxine creatine and bicarbonate was studied on the activity of red cell glycolytic and pentose phosphate shunt enzymes at saturating and limiting substrate concentrations. 2,3-DPG strongly inhibits the activity of hexokinase, phosphoglucomutase, phosphofructokinase, aldolase and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase. In the case of the first four enzymes, 2,3-DPG competes with the substrate and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase is inhibited in a noncompetitive fashion. Pyridoxal-5′-P inhibits some of the enzymes inhibited by 2,3-DPG, including hexokinase, phosphoglucomutase, phosphofructokinase and aldolase; in addition, it also inhibits the activity of phosphoglucose isomerase, pyruvate kinase, glucose-6-P dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase. In some cases, the inhibition was competitive; in others, it was noncompetitive. Creatine and bicarbonate do not significantly inhibit any of the enzymes studied. The studies reported in this report indicate possible roles of 2,3-DPG and pyridoxal-5′-P in the regulation of glucose metabolism in red cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-255
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1972
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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