The calcaneus: normal and abnormal.

R. Kumar, K. Matasar, S. Stansberry, A. Shirkhoda, R. David, J. E. Madewell, L. E. Swischuck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The calcaneus is the largest tarsal bone. Many congenital and acquired disorders affect the bone. Primary disorders arise in the calcaneus itself, whereas secondary disorders arising in the neighboring soft tissues extend into and affect the calcaneus indirectly. Among the primary lesions, congenital, traumatic, infectious, hematologic, neoplastic, and other miscellaneous disorders constitute the majority, whereas various arthritides and soft-tissue neoplasms that arise adjacent to the bone constitute the important secondary calcaneal disorders. Radiographic features of many disorders of the calcaneus are disease-specific and thus diagnostic. This article describes a wide spectrum of calcaneal disorders and illustrates their salient radiographic features. This knowledge should facilitate radiographic diagnosis of various calcaneal disorders encountered in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-440
Number of pages26
JournalRadiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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