The burden of leishmaniasis in Iran, acquired from the global burden of disease during 1990-2010

Alireza Badirzadeh, Mehdi Mohebali, Zahra Asadgol, Lynn Soong, Mohammad Zeinali, Yaser Mokhayeri, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Adel Spotin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objective: To report and measure the burden of leishmaniasis in Iran using the global burden of disease (GBD) results, conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation for the years 1990 to 2010, and provide some recommendations for reaching better conclusions about the burden of disease. Methods: GBD burden and fatality rates of leishmaniasis were compared with the findings registered by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOHME). Data obtained from the GBD for the years 1990 to 2010 were used to estimate the disability-adjusted life-years and fatality rates of leishmaniasis in Iran. Results: The GBD estimated 229 714 disability-adjusted life-years due to leishmaniasis in Iranian people of all ages and both sexes. The number of deaths caused by visceral leishmaniasis (VL) had decreased significantly in recent years. MOHME registered data on fewer than 30 deaths in Iran from 1990 to 2010. Conclusions: The underreporting of VL deaths is always more pronounced. Findings indicate that the GBD estimation of mortality rates was surprisingly higher than MOHME's data. The burden of leishmaniasis decreased significantly between the years 1990 and 2010 in both data sources. The possible explanation for this decrease has been discovered through the establishment of a VL surveillance system in various parts of Iran, particularly in endemic areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-518
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Burden
  • Disability-adjusted life-year
  • Global burden of disease
  • Iran
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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