Surgical management of tumors that produce gastrointestinal hormones.

C. M. Townsend, J. C. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Gastrointestinal hormones are produced by specialized endocrine cells found both in the pancreas and distributed throughout the gut. Tumors, both benign and malignant, produce excessive amounts of hormone and thereby cause characteristic syndromes. Surgical management must be primarily directed at tumor removal in order to effect cure of the syndrome, as well as to prevent complications of persistent tumor growth and, subsequently, metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-124
Number of pages14
JournalAnnual review of medicine
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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