Structured Evaluation and Management of Patients with COPD in an Accredited Program

Mandeep Singh, En Shuo Hsu, Efstathia Polychronopoulou, Gulshan Sharma, Alexander G. Duarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an ambulatory care-sensitive condition. Methods: We compared the impact of care received by patients with COPD at Joint Commission-accredited, disease-specific clinics and primary care clinics at an academic health care system from April 2014 to March 2018. Patients with COPD ≥40 years old with ≥ 2 outpatient visits 30 days apart were identified. Baseline demographics, disease-specific performance measures, and health care utilization were compared between groups. Propensity matching was conducted and time to the first emergency department (ED) visit and hospitalization was performed using Cox regression analysis. Results: Of 4646 unique patients with COPD, 1114 were treated at disease-specific clinics and 3532 at primary care clinics. The entire group was predominantly female (58.8 %), non-Hispanic White (74.2 %) with a mean age of 65.4±11.4 years consisting of current (47.6 %) or former smokers (38.4 %). In the disease-specific group, performance measures were performed more frequently, and lower rates of ED visits (hazard ratio [HR]=0.31, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.18–0.54) and hospitalizations (HR 0.41, 95% CI 0.21–0.79) noted in comparison to the primary care group. Conclusions: In this observational study, the implementation of a chronic disease management program through accredited disease-specific clinics for patients with COPD was associated with reduced all-cause ED visits and hospitalizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-307
Number of pages11
JournalChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COPD
  • Joint Commission
  • chronic disease management
  • emergency department use
  • health care utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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