Spontaneous coronary artery dissection outcomes among pregnant vs. non-pregnant women

Chayakrit Krittanawong, Neelkumar Patel, Dhrubajyoti Bandyopadhyay, Neil Sagar Maitra, Muzamil Khawaja, Zhen Wang, Mahboob Alam, Jacob Shani, Robert Frankel, Samin Sharma, Hani Jneid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) has become increasingly recognized. It accounts for <1-4% of acute coronary syndrome presentations. Overall, however, it makes up over 40% of pregnancy-associated myocardial infarction. Furthermore, pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection (P-SCAD) is described to have a greater degree of clinical manifestations, including left ventricular dysfunction, shock, and left main or multivessel involvement. The findings are disconcerting, though many studies evaluating P-SCAD are based on case series data or are single centre studies. Methods and results: The aim of this study was to evaluate a larger national dataset to evaluate the outcomes of SCAD and specifically P-SCAD in an attempt to better characterize the severity and clinical nature of this condition. To conduct this study, we analysed the National Readmission Database from January 2016 to December 2020. Propensity matching was done using the Greedy 1:1 method. Multivariate logistics and time-to-event Cox regression analysis models were built by including all confounders significantly associated with the outcome on univariable analysis with a cut-off P-value of 0.2. In multivariate regression analysis, P-SCAD patients had a non-propensity matched odds ratio (OR) of 0.21 (0.3-1.54, P = 0.123) of dying and a propensity matched OR of 0.11 (0.02-0.61, P = 0.012) of dying. Thirty-day readmission rate for P-SCAD was 15.8% (n = 93) and for non-pregnant spontaneous coronary artery dissection (NP-SCAD) was 11.2% (n = 2286); non-propensity matched OR for readmission for PSCAD patients was 1.68 (1.24-2.29, P = 0.001) and propensity matched OR was 3.39 (1.93-5.97, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Among hospitalized patient, P-SCAD was associated with similar clinical outcomes and reduced incidence of death when compared with NP-SCAD, though had higher rates of 30-day readmission. Larger-scale observational data will be needed to ascertain the true incidence of cardiovascular complications as it relates to P-SCAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2024

Keywords

  • Pregnancy
  • Spontaneous coronary artery dissection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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