Solution Structure and Dynamics of Myeloid Progenitor Inhibitory Factor-1 (MPIF-1), A Novel Monomeric CC Chemokine

Krishna Rajarathnam, Yuling Li, Thomas Rohrer, Reiner Gentz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


MPIF-1, a CC chemokine, is a specific inhibitor of myeloid progenitor cells and is the most potent activator of monocytes. The solution structure of myeloid progenitor inhibitor factor-1 (MPIF-1) has been determined by NMR spectroscopy. The structure reveals that MPIF-1 is a monomer with a well defined core except for termini residues and adopts the chemokine fold of three β-strands and an overlying α-helix. In addition to the four cysteines that characterize most chemokines, MPIF-1 has two additional cysteines that form a disulfide bond. The backbone dynamics indicate that the disulfide bonds and the adjacent residues that include the functionally important N-terminal and N-terminal loop residues show significant dynamics. MPIF-1 is a highly basic protein (pI >9), and the structure reveals distinct positively charged pockets that could be correlated to proteoglycan binding. MPIF-1 is processed from a longer proprotein at the N terminus and the latter is also functional though with reduced potency, and both proteins exist as monomers under a variety of solution conditions. MPIF-1 is therefore unique because longer proproteins of all other chemokines oligomerize in solution. The MPIF-1 structure should serve as a template for future functional studies that could lead to therapeutics for preventing chemotherapy-associated myelotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4909-4916
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 16 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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