Smoking cessation: How to make pharmacotherapy work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Effective smoking cessation strategies typically encompass the use of some pharmacotherapy with counseling by physicians. Give the Fagerstrom test to patients who want to quit smoking to determine their degree of nicotine dependence. For low-nicotine-dependent smokers, the use of 1 smoking cessation product for a short period has proved successful; for high-dependence smokers, a combination of products, such as nicotine gum and a nicotine patch, can be used. Other available smoking cessation products are the nicotine nasal spray, the nicotine inhaler, and sustained-release bupropion. Increasing the dose or duration of nicotine gum and patch has improved abstinence rates among highdependence smokers. Quit rates have also been shown to increase with the dose of bupropion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-674
Number of pages10
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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