SLIP1, a factor required for activation of histone mRNA translation by the stem-loop binding protein

Nihal G. Cakmakci, Rachel S. Lerner, Eric J. Wagner, Lianxing Zheng, William F. Marzluff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Replication-dependent histone mRNAs are the only eukaryotic cellular mRNAs that are not polyadenylated, ending instead in a conserved stem-loop. The 3′ end of histone mRNA is required for histone mRNA translation, as is the stem-loop binding protein (SLBP), which binds the 3′ end of histone mRNA. We have identified five conserved residues in a 15-amino-acid region in the amino-terminal portion of SLBP, each of which is required for translation. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified a novel protein, SLBP-interacting protein 1 (SLIP1), that specifically interacts with this region. Mutations in any of the residues required for translation reduces SLIP1 binding to SLBP. The expression of SLIP1 in Xenopus oocytes together with human SLBP stimulates translation of a reporter mRNA ending in the stem-loop but not a reporter with a poly (A) tail. The expression of SLIP1 in HeLa cells also stimulates the expression of a green fluorescent protein reporter mRNA ending in a stem-loop. RNA interference-mediated downregulation of endogenous SLIP1 reduces the rate of translation of endogenous histone mRNA and also reduces cell viability. SLIP1 may function by bridging the 3′ end of the histone mRNA with the 5′ end of the mRNA, similar to the mechanism of translation of polyadenylated mRNAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1182-1194
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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