Simulated and standardized patients

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The terms simulated patient and standardized patient (SP) are used to describe a person who has been trained to portray a patient with a healthcare problem or concern. They have been used for learning and assessment of simple and complex procedures, including medical procedures, interpersonal skills, and professionalism. SPs can take on a large spectrum of different roles; they can play a patient with simple or complex medical problems or a member of the family. They can also participate in rating the learners and providing them with feedback. SPs have also been involved in newer types of patient interactions, such as telephone encounters and computer-based encounters. Unannounced SPs can be sent to actual clinical practices or community settings to assess the skills of graduate trainees or practicing healthcare professionals, and the local procedures and work methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical Simulation
Subtitle of host publicationEducation, Operations and Engineering
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780128156575
ISBN (Print)9780128156582
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Hybrid simulation
  • Patient encounter
  • Simulated patient
  • Simulation-based education
  • Standardized patient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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