Simplified pretreatment method for plasma samples applicable to zinc kinetic studies

V. M.Sadagopa Ramanujam, K. Yokoi, N. G. Egger, H. H. Dayal, N. W. Alcock, H. H. Sandstead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Common biochemical indicators of zinc (plasma Zn) are insensitive. Prasad et al (JLCM 1963:61 -5.17) utilized 65Zn to show the rapid plasma Zn disappearance in Zn deficiency. Radiation exposure limits its application. Stable Zn isotopes are alternatives. Sample purification is usually required to obtain accurate results for mass spectrometric analysis, but also increases the chance of contamination. We compared two pretreatment methods (extraction vs nonextraction) for Zn isotope ratio (IR) measurement by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Plasma samples collected from ten human subjects 5 min to 24 h after iv dose of 67Zn (2 mg) were used for comparison. The plasma (1.5 ml) was digested by hydrogen peroxide (Alcock. BTER 1987;13:363) and dissolved in nitric acid. "Extraction": Zn in the digestate was extracted into CCl4 as diethylammonium diethyldithiocarbamate chelate followed by back extraction of Zn in nitric acid. The solution was then heated overnight at 80 °C to remove traces of CCl4, and made up to 10 ml with high putrity water after adding yttrium (Y) internal standard. "Nonextraction": Y and high purity water was directly added to the digestate. After subtraction of the baseline the plasma Zn IR was divided by the natural Zn IR to give the normalized IR (NIR). NIR obtained by both the methods agreed well (67Zn/64Zn, r2=0.997; 67Zn/66Zn, r2= 0.999; 67Zn/68Zn, r2=0.999). Considering the minimum possibility of isobaric interferences in plasma samples. 67Zn/68Zn obtained from nonextracted samples is sufficient for routine Zn kinetic analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)A407
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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