Semiconstrained posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty: indications, risks and benefits in primary and revision surgery

Philippe Moisan, Bardia Barimani, Mohammed Al Kindi, Jennifer Mutch, Anthony Albers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The constrained posterior-stabilized (CPS) implant for use in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has a constraint level midway between that of a posterior-stabilized implant and a valgus–varus–constrained implant; there is currently no consensus on the surgical indications for use of this degree of constraint. We present our experience using this implant at our centre. Methods: We reviewed the charts of patients who received a CPS polyethylene insert during TKA in our centre between January 2016 and April 2020. We collected patient demographic characteristics, surgical indications, pre- and postoperative radiographs, and complications. Results: A total of 85 patients (74 females and 11 males with a mean age of 73 yr [standard deviation 9.4 yr, range 36–88 yr]) (85 knees) received a CPS insert over the study period. Of the 85 cases, 80 (94%) were primary TKA and 5 (6%) were revision TKA. The most common indications for primary CPS use were severe valgus deformity with medial soft-tissue laxity (29 patients [34%]), medial soft-tissue laxity without substantial deformity (27 [32%]) and severe varus deformity with lateral soft-tissue laxity (13 [15%]). The indications for the 5 patients who underwent revision TKA were medial laxity (4 patients) and an iatrogenic lateral condyle fracture (1 patient). Four patients had postoperative complications. The 30-day return to hospital rate was 2.3% (owing to infection and hematoma). A single patient required revision surgery for periprosthetic joint infection. Conclusion: We found excellent short-term survivorship of the CPS polyethylene insert when used for a spectrum of coronal plane ligamentous imbalances with or without preoperative coronal plane deformities. Long-term follow-up of these cases will be important to identify adverse outcomes such as loosening or polyethylene-related problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E103-E108
JournalCanadian Journal of Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Semiconstrained posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty: indications, risks and benefits in primary and revision surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this