Role of phospholipases in cytosolic calcium overload and cardiomyocytes death in the presence of activated fatty acid derivatives

A. V. Berezhnov, E. I. Fedotova, M. N. Nenov, V. P. Zinchenko, V. V. Dynnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Ten to fifty micromoles of palmitoyl-L-carnitine (PC) or myristoyl-D,L-carnitine (MC) evoke a high-amplitude elevation of cytosolic calcium level ([Ca2+]i), hypercontraction and cell death in the primary culture of rat ventricular myocytes. The lag period of this effect varies within 2-8 min and depends on the mitochondrial capacity to accumulate Ca2+. Maximal level of Ca2+, attainable at the end of the lag period, depends on calcium concentration in the external medium and is mediated by plasma membrane nonspecific permeability. Preincubation of cardiomyocytes with the inhibitors of phospholipase C, cytosolic phospholipase A2 and/or Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II prevents cell death, increases lag period duration and reduces maximal [Ca 2+]i. Both PC and MC, even at low concentrations (1-5 μM), dramatically increase the frequency of Ca2+-sparks and Ca2+-waves in cardiomyocytes and promote the formation of sustained microdomains with elevated calcium concentration. We discuss possible mechanisms of Ca2+-microdomain formation, where the "vicious circle" of Ca2+-dependent phospholipases activation may arise. The "vicious circle" with combined autocatalytic action of Ca 2+-dependent phospholipases may be implicated in hydrolysis of membrane phosphatidylcholine and subsequent induction of nonselective permeability for Na+ and Ca2+ (lipid pore).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemistry (Moscow) Supplement Series A: Membrane and Cell Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Ca-domains
  • Ca-spark
  • Calcium
  • Cardiomyocyte
  • Myristoyl carnitine
  • Non-specific permeability of plasma membrane
  • Palmytoyl carnitine
  • Phospholipase
  • Ryanodine receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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