Reproduction beyond menopause: How old is too old for assisted reproductive technology?

David Banh, Dara L. Havemann, John Y. Phelps

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: Due to the recent media attention on postmenopausal women giving birth, there has been an increased scrutiny on the utility and safety of assisted reproductive technology in postmenopausal women. Objective: The purpose of this commentary is to discuss the following: 1) the limitations and complications of ART in women of advanced reproductive age; 2) the balance between the welfare of the mother and that of the child; 3) the double standards of advanced reproductive age; and 4) the importance of financial and social support systems and preconception counseling with advanced reproductive age. Conclusion: When providing in-vitro fertilization services to women of advanced reproductive age, special considerations must be given to ensure the welfare of mother and the child and that the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence are guaranteed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-370
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Child welfare
  • Ethics
  • In-vitro fertilization
  • Postmenopausal reproduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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