Release of AMP and adenosine from rat heart mitochondria

Gregory K. Asimakis, Douglas E. Wilson, Vincent R. Conti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Release of AMP and adenosine from rat heart mitochondria was studied. The rate of appearance of extramitochondrial adenosine was independent of the extramitochondrial phosphate concentration between 5 and 20 mM. In the absence of exogenous, respiratory substrates or in the presence of glutamate/malate plus rotenone, the rate of appearance of adenosine was relatively low when phosphate was not added. The appearance of extramitochondrial AMP + adenosine was found to be directly proportional to the extramitochondrial phosphate concentration. Zn2+ (10 mM) decreased the rate of adenosine appearance by 90% and increased the rate of AMP appearance 6-fold. The mitochondrial preparations dephosphorylated exogenous AMP; this activity was inhibited by 10 mM Zn2+. We conclude that the adenosine appearing in the extramitochondrial space was not due to a direct release from the matrix, but instead was due to adenine nucleotide release with subsequent conversion to adenosine in the extramitochondrial space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2373-2380
Number of pages8
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number25
StatePublished - Dec 23 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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