Regional acetate kinetics and oxidation in human volunteers

B. Mittendorfer, L. S. Sidossis, E. Walser, D. L. Chinkes, R. R. Wolfe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


We have used a 3-h primed continuous infusion of [1,2-13C]acetate in five fasted (24 h) volunteers to quantify splanchnic and leg acetate metabolism (protocol 1). Fractional extraction of acetate by both tissues was high (~70%), and simultaneous uptake and release of acetate were observed. Labeled carbon recovery in CO2 was 37.9 ± 2.3% at the whole body level, 37.7 ± 1.5% across the splanchnic bed, and 37.3 ± 2.9% across the leg. Furthermore, we calculated whole body labeled carbon recovery during 15 h of [1,2-13C]acetate infusion in three volunteers (protocol 2). Whole body acetate carbon recovery in CO2 was significantly higher (66.7 ± 4.5%) after 15 h of tracer infusion than after 3 h. We conclude that acetate is rapidly taken up by the leg and splanchnic tissues and that the percent recovery of CO2 from the oxidation of acetate is heavily dependent on the length of acetate tracer infusion. In the postabsorptive state, labeled carbon recovery from acetate across the leg and the splanchnic region is similar to the whole body CO2 recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E978-E983
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number6 37-6
StatePublished - Jun 1998


  • Acetate correction factor
  • Fatty acids
  • Liver
  • Muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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