Proximal humerus fractures sustained during the use of restraints in adolescents

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6 Scopus citations


Injuries to skeletally immature individuals sustained during restraints have been rarely documented. The authors report a series of five proximal humerus fractures in skeletally immature patients (average age 15.3 years) that occurred during restraint with handcuffs. A similar mechanism of injury was identified in all of the cases. All five injuries were Salter-Harris type I or II, and three of the five required operative intervention. At short-term follow-up, all patients are doing well without evidence of growth disturbances. To the authors' knowledge, this is a unique mechanism of injury that could be avoided with proper education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-52
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006


  • Pediatric fractures
  • Proximal humerus fractures
  • Restraint injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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