Progesterone reduces the effect of the serotonin 1B/1D receptor antagonist, GR 127935, on lordosis behavior

Lynda Uphouse, Cindy Hiegel, Jutatip Guptarak, Navin Maswood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Ovariectomized rats were hormonally primed with 10 μg estradiol benzoate or with estradiol benzoate plus 500 μg progesterone. Rats received a bilateral infusion with 200 ng of the 5-HT1B/1D receptor antagonist, N-[4-methoxy-3-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)phenyl]-2′-methyl-4′-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)-1-1′-biphenyl-4-carboxamide hydrochloride (GR 127935), into the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN), followed by a 5 min restraint or home cage experience. In estrogen-primed females that had experienced minimal handling between ovariectomy and use in the experiment, infusion with the water vehicle transiently inhibited lordosis behavior, and the 5-HT1B/1D receptor antagonist amplified this inhibition. There were no effects in rats hormonally primed with estrogen and progesterone. Handling for two days before the experiment reduced the effects of the infusions in estrogen-primed rats. However, when a 5 min restraint experience followed infusion with GR 127935, there was a significant decline in lordosis behavior that persisted for 10 to 15 min after the experience. Regardless of the prior experience or type of infusion, the addition of progesterone to the hormonal priming completely prevented the lordosis inhibition. These findings are consistent with prior evidence that progesterone protects against the inhibitory effects of a 5 min restraint experience on lordosis behavior. Moreover, these are the first experiments to demonstrate an inhibitory effect of a selective 5-HT1B/1D receptor antagonist in the VMN on lordosis behavior of estrogen primed, but not estrogen and progesterone primed, ovariectomized rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalHormones and Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Hypothalamus
  • Reproduction
  • Restraint
  • Sexual behavior
  • Stress
  • Ventromedial nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Endocrinology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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