Prevalence, patterns, and correlates of voluntary flunitrazepam Use.

V. I. Rickert, C. M. Wiemann, A. B. Berenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence, patterns, and correlates of voluntary flunitrazepam use in a sample of sexually active adolescent and young adult women 14 to 26 years of age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University-based ambulatory reproductive health clinics. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: There were 904 women self-identified as white, African-American, or Mexican-American. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Lifetime, frequency, patterns, and physical effects of flunitrazepam use. RESULTS: Lifetime use was reported by 5.9% (n = 53) of subjects, with frequency of use ranging from 1 to 40 times. Flunitrazepam was taken most often with alcohol (74%), and 49% took this substance with other illicit drugs. Logistic regression analyses controlling for age and race/ethnicity found that users were significantly more likely than were nonusers to report lifetime use of marijuana (odds ratio [OR] = 3.6) or LSD (OR = 5.2), having a peer or partner who used flunitrazepam (OR = 21.7), pressure to use flunitrazepam when out with friends (OR = 2.7), and a mother who had at least a high school education (OR = 2.6). Finally, 10% of voluntary users reported experiencing subsequent physical or sexual victimization. CONCLUSIONS: Voluntary use of flunitrazepam is becoming a health concern to sexually active young women who reside in the southwestern United States. Young women who have used LSD or marijuana in the past or who have a peer or partner who used this drug appear to be at the greatest risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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