Pressure Injuries

Pablo L. Padilla, Ellen L. Hancock, Eric S. Ruff, Ramon L. Zapata-Sirvent, Linda G. Phillips

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Pressure injuries (PIs) represent a significant physical and financial burden for patients, families, healthcare systems, and funding agencies. National initiatives aimed at reducing the incidence of PIs have intensified in recent years, in large part due to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services decision in 2008 to discontinue payments for the ancillary care of hospital-acquired PIs. As a result, early recognition, accurate diagnosis, and measures to prevent or arrest the progression of pressure injuries are of paramount importance. This chapter will outline recent changes in PI terminology and staging, as well as highlight advances in prevention strategies and their downstream effects on incidence, prevalence, and economic impact. The clinical management of pressure injury patients is discussed, including preoperative work-up and optimization, surgical planning, operative techniques for reconstruction, and postoperative care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTips and Tricks in Plastic Surgery
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9783030780289
ISBN (Print)9783030780272
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Pressure injury
  • Pressure sore
  • Pressure ulcer
  • Prevention
  • Reconstruction
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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