Possible 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT1) receptor involvement in the stimulus properties of 1-(m-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine (TFMPP)

K. A. Cunningham, J. B. Appel

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56 Scopus citations


Male rats (N = 24) were trained to discriminate 1-(m-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine (TFMPP) (0.8 mg/kg) from saline in a two-lever, drug discrimination situation. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) agonists such as fenfluramine (0.8-1.6 mg/kg), m-chlorophenylpiperazine (0.1-1.6 mg/kg) and RU 24969 (0.1-1.6 mg/kg) mimicked TFMPP; 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (0.02-0.32 mg/kg) and quipazine (0.2-3.2 mg/kg) elicited saline lever responding; d-lysergic acid diethylamide (0.1-0.16 mg/kg) produced intermediate results. The 5-HT antagonists BC 105 (1.6-12.8 mg/kg), bromolysergic diethylamide (0.8-1.28 mg/kg), ketanserin (0.8-6.4 mg/kg), Ly 53857 (0.2-1.6 mg/kg) and pirenperone (0.08-0.64 mg/kg) failed to attenuate the TFMPP cue; metergoline (0.4-6.4 mg/kg) and spiperone (0.08-1.28 mg/kg) decreased drug lever responding by as much as 60%. These data suggest that 5-HT agonists are not identical and that drug discrimination procedures can differentiate among them. Given that there is strong evidence to support the existence of heterogenous 5-HT receptors, the present results also suggest that TFMPP acts through mechanism(s) similar to those of the novel 5-HT1 agonists m-chlorophenylpiperazine and RU 24969; these actions can be differentiated from those underlying d-lysergic acid diethylamide, quipazine and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylamphetamine, which are attenuated by putative 5-HT2 antagonists. Thus, the authors propose a role for 5-HT1 receptors in mediating the stimulus effects of TFMPP, although further research is necessary to identify functional antagonists of such systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-377
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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