Phlebotomine sand flies as vectors of vesiculoviruses: a review.

J. A. Comer, R. B. Tesh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Phlebotomine sand flies appear to be involved in the epizootiology of 10 of the 16 currently recognized vesiculoviruses. Evidence in support of this includes isolation of viruses from wild-caught male and female sand flies; demonstration of oral infection, replication, and bite transmission of viruses by sand flies; the temporal and/or spatial association between infected sand flies and infected vertebrates; and demonstration of transovarial virus transmission. The present review summarizes the known sand fly-vesiculovirus relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
Volume33 Suppl
StatePublished - Dec 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology


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