Pharmacological studies of the acute effects of (+)-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine on locomotor activity: Role of 5-HT1B/1D and 5-HT2 receptors

Michael G. Bankson, Kathryn A. Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


The role of serotonin 5-HT2 receptors (5-HT2R) in the hyperactivity induced by (+)-3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine ((+)-MDMA; 3 mg/kg) was investigated. Hyperactivity induced by (+)-MDMA was robustly potentiated by the 5-HT2B/2CR antagonist SB 206553 (1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 mg/kg). Administration of the 5-HT1B/1DR antagonist GR 127935 (2.5 mg/kg) or the 5-HT2AR antagonist M100907 (1.0 mg/kg) partially suppressed the potentiated hyperactivity seen following SB 206553 plus (+)-MDMA; a blockade to activity levels seen with (+)-MDMA alone was observed following the combination of GR 127935 plus M100907. A modest potentiative interaction was seen when SB 206553 was combined with the DA releaser amphetamine (0.5 mg/kg) or amphetamine plus the 5-HT releaser fenfluramine (4.0 mg/kg). SB 206553 (1-4 mg/kg), GR 127935 (2.5 mg/kg) and M100907 (1 mg/kg) did not alter spontaneous activity upon administration singly or in combination. These data suggest that activation of 5-HT2CR exerts a strong inhibitory influence on the hyperactivity induced by (+)-MDMA, and that 5-HT2CR blockade unmasks hyperactivity mediated through several mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-52
Number of pages13
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • 5-HT receptors
  • 5-HT receptors
  • 5-HT receptors
  • M100907
  • MDL 100907
  • MDMA
  • SB 206553
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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