Personality of recovered patients with bipolar affective disorder

R. M.A. Hirschfeld, G. L. Klerman, M. B. Keller, N. C. Andreasen, P. J. Clayton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Personality traits of 45 patients with bipolar affective disorder who were fully recovered were compared with those of 78 patients with unipolar affective disorder (also fully recovered) and with those of 1172 never mentally ill first-degree relatives. The most striking finding is the similarity in personality between the recovered bipolar and unipolar patients, who both differed substantially from the never-ill group on measures of emotional strength. Bipolar men had normal levels of extraversion, whereas bipolar women, like unipolar women, were introverted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes


  • Bipolar affective disorder - Recovered patients - Personality traits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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