Perceptions of patients and nurses regarding the use of wearables in inpatient settings: a mixed methods study

Vikas Patel, Sabreena Moosa, Sanjana Sundaram, Laura Langer, Thomas E. MacMillan, Rodrigo Cavalcanti, Peter Cram, Keith Gunaratne, Mark Bayley, Robert Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Wearable devices for hospitalized patients could help improve care. The purpose of this study was to highlight key barriers and facilitators involved in adopting wearable technology in acute care settings using patient and clinician feedback. Hospitalized patients, 18 years or older, were recruited at the General Medicine inpatient units in Toronto, Ontario to wear the Fitbit® Charge 2 or Charge 3. Fifty General Medicine adult inpatients were recruited. Patients and nurses provided feedback on structured questionnaires. Key themes from open-ended questions were analyzed. Primary outcomes of interest included the exploring patient and nurse perceptions of their experiences with wearable devices as well as their feasibility in clinical settings. Overall, both patients (n = 39) and nurses (n = 28) valued the information provided by Fitbits and shared concerns about device functionality and wearable design. Specifically, patients were interested in using wearables to enhance their self-monitoring, while nurses questioned data validity, as well as ease of incorporating wearables into their workflow. We found that patients wanted improved device design and functionality and valued the opportunity to improve their self-efficacy and to work in partnership with the medical team using wearable technology. Nurses wanted more device functionality and validation and easier ways to incorporate them into their workflow. To achieve the potential benefits of using wearable devices for enhanced monitoring, this study identifies challenges that must first be addressed in order for this technology to be widely adopted in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-452
Number of pages9
JournalInformatics for Health and Social Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Wearables
  • general medicine
  • inpatient
  • internal medicine
  • patient monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)
  • Health Information Management


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