Overweight and obesity are associated with better survival in STEMI patients with diabetes

Hamza Chaudhry, Ramez Bodair, Ziyad Mahfoud, Soha Dargham, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Hani Jneid, Charbel Abi Khalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The relationship between obesity and in-hospital outcomes in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who develop an ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was assessed. Methods: Data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2008 to 2017 were analyzed. Patients with STEMI and T2DM were classified as being underweight or having normal weight, overweight, obesity, and severe obesity. The temporal trend of those BMI ranges and in-hospital outcomes among different obesity groups were assessed. Results: A total of 74,099 patients with T2DM and STEMI were included in this analysis. In 2008, 35.8% of patients had obesity, and 37.3% had severe obesity. However, patients with obesity accounted for most of the study population in 2017 (57.8%). During the observation period, mortality decreased in underweight patients from 18.1% to 13.2% (p < 0.001). Still, it gradually increased in all other BMI ranges, along with cardiogenic shock, atrial fibrillation, and ventricular fibrillation (p < 0.001 for all). After the combination of all patients during the observation period, mortality was lower in patients with overweight and obesity (adjusted odds ratio = 0.625 [95% CI 0.499–0.784]; 0.606 [95% CI 0.502–0.733], respectively). Conclusions: A U-shaped association governs the relationship between BMI and mortality in STEMI patients with diabetes, with those having overweight and obesity experiencing better survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2834-2844
Number of pages11
JournalObesity
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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