Outcomes of Patients With Type 2 Myocardial Infarction Complicating Acute Ischemic Stroke

Salik Nazir, Robert W. Ariss, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Keerat Rai Ahuja, Hani Jneid, George V. Moukarbel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To study the patient profiles and the prognostic impact of type 2 myocardial infarction (MI) on outcomes of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods: The National Readmission Database 2018 was queried for patients with primary AIS hospitalizations with and without type 2 MI. Baseline characteristics, inpatient outcomes, and 30-day all-cause readmissions between cohorts were compared. Results: Of 587,550 AIS hospitalizations included in the study, 4182 (0.71%) had type 2 MI. Patients with type 2 MI were older (73.6 years vs 70.1 years; P<.001) and more likely to be female (52% vs 49.7%; P<.001), and they had a higher prevalence of heart failure (32.6% vs 15.5%; P<.001), atrial fibrillation (38.5% vs 24.2%; P<.001), prior MI (8.8% vs 7.7%; P<.001), valvular heart disease (17% vs 9.8%; P<.001), peripheral vascular disease (12.2% vs 9.2%; P<.001), and chronic kidney disease (24.4% vs 16.7%; P<.001). Compared with patients without type 2 MI, AIS patients with type 2 MI had significantly higher in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.96; 95% CI, 1.65 to 2.32), poor functional outcome (aOR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.62 to 2.00), more hospital costs (adjusted parameter estimate, $5618; 95% CI, $4480 to $6755), higher rate of discharge to a facility (aOR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.52 to 1.90), increased length of stay (adjusted parameter estimate, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.72 to 2.72), and higher rate of 30-day all-cause readmissions (aOR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.18 to 1.60). Conclusion: Type 2 MI in patients hospitalized with AIS is associated with poor prognosis and higher resource utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1145-1155
Number of pages11
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes of Patients With Type 2 Myocardial Infarction Complicating Acute Ischemic Stroke'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this