Outcomes in 14 live births resulting from Pegvaliase-treated pregnancies in PKU-affected females

Caide Bier, Kaelin Dickey, Brittan Bibb, Angela Crutcher, Rebecca Sponberg, Richard Chang, Monica Boyer, Laura Davis-Keppen, Cindy Matthes, Michelle Tharp, Danielle Vice, Erin Cooney, Megan Morand, Joseph Ray, Melissa Lah, Markey McNutt, Hans C. Andersson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Adults with PKU have difficulty maintaining plasma phenylalanine (Phe) in the range that is safe for neurologic function. Elevated plasma Phe is a risk factor for congenital anomalies and developmental delay in offspring resulting from pregnancies with poor Phe control in women with PKU. Enzyme supplementation with pegvaliase allows adults with PKU to eat an unrestricted diet and have plasma Phe levels in a safe range for pregnancy but pegvaliase has not been approved for use in pregnant females with PKU. We report the results of chart review of 14 living offspring of females affected with PKU who were responsive to pegvaliase and chose to remain on pegvaliase throughout their pregnancy. Methods: Fourteen pregnancies (one triplet pregnancy) and their offspring were identified at eight PKU treatment centers and medical records from pregnancy and birth were submitted for this study. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Responses to a dataset were provided to a single center and analyzed. Results: Six females and eight males were born without congenital anomalies and all offspring had normal growth parameters. While mothers had preexisting comorbidities, no additional comorbidities were reported in the offspring. Four of eleven infants (excluding triplet pregnancies) were delivered preterm (36%), a higher rate than the general population (12%). A single first trimester (eight weeks) miscarriage in a 40y was not counted in this cohort of 14 live born infants. CONCLUSION: This retrospective study suggests that pegvaliase is effective at maintaining safe maternal blood Phe levels during pregnancy without deleterious effects on mother or child. A tendency toward premature birth (4/11; 36%) is higher than expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108152
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Volume141
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Maternal PKU
  • PKU
  • Pegvaliase
  • Phenylketonuria
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology

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