Ocular biometric changes after trabeculectomy

Azam Alvani, Mohammad Pakravan, Hamed Esfandiari, Sare Safi, Mehdi Yaseri, Parastou Pakravan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This review article aimed to evaluate ocular biometric changes after trabeculectomy. The PubMed database was searched using the keywords 'axial length' (AL), 'anterior chamber depth' (ACD), 'corneal astigmatism,' 'corneal topography' and 'trabeculectomy.' The extracted studies were categorized based on the evaluated parameters and the biometry method (contact and non-contact). Comparable studies with respect to their sample size were combined for statistical analysis. Twenty-five studies including 690 individuals which met the inclusion criteria were selected. After trabeculectomy, a significant and persistent AL reduction, with a range of 0.1-0.19 and 0.1-0.9 mm measured with contact and non-contact methods, respectively, was observed. With respect to topographic changes, 0.38-1.4 diopters (D) with-the-rule (WTR) astigmatism was induced postoperatively. All studies revealed ACD reduction immediately after surgery, which gradually deepened and approximated its preoperative levels on day 14. ACD reduction was not significant after that period in the majority of cases. In conclusion, changes in ACD is of small amount and of short period, thus it can be ignored; however, reported changes in AL and keratometry are of sufficient magnitude and can affect the refractive prediction of combined cataract surgery and trabeculectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-303
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Anterior Chamber Depth
  • Axial Length
  • Keratometry
  • Trabeculectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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