Nonsurvival Distributions in Pediatric Burn Patients: A Comparative Study of Two National Databases

Kendall Wermine, Sunny Gotewal, Marc A. Schober, Robert E. Africa, Taylor Hallman, Andres Cuartas-Olarte, Andrew Ko, Mark Jordan M. Torres, Joshua M. Peterson, Georgiy Golovko, Juquan Song, Amina El Ayadi, Steven E. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A contemporary, age-specific model for the distribution of burn mortality in children has not been developed for over a decade. Using data from TriNetX, a global federated health research network, and the American Burn Association's Nation Burn Repository (NBR), we investigated nonsurvival distributions for pediatric burns in the United States. Pediatric burn patients aged 0 to 20 between 2010 and 2020 were identified in TriNetX from 41 Healthcare Organizations using ICD-10 codes (T.20-T.30) and identified as lived/died. These were compared to the nonsurvival data from 90 certified burn centers in the NBR database between 2016 and 2018. The patient population was stratified by age into subgroups of 0 to 4, 5 to 9, 10 to 14, and 15 to 20 years. Overall, mortality rates for pediatric burn patients were found to be 0.62% in NBR and 0.52% in TrinetX. Boys had a higher incidence of mortality than girls in both databases (0.34% vs 0.28% NBR, P =. 13; 0.31% vs 0.21% TriNetX, P <. 001). Comparison of ethnic cohorts between 2010 to 2015 and 2016 to 2020 subgroups showed that nonsurvival rates of African American children increased relative to white children (TriNetX, P <. 001); however, evidence was insufficient to conclude that African American children die more frequently than other ethnicities (NBR, P =. 054). When analyzing subgroups in TriNetX, burned children aged 5 to 9 had significantly increased frequency of nonsurvival (P <. 001). However, NBR data suggested that children aged 0 to 4 experience the highest frequency of mortality (P <. 001). The nonsurvival distributions between these two large databases accurately reflect nonsurvival rates in burned children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1087-1092
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation


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