MRI venous architecture of insula

Bhanu Gogia, Lakshmi S. Chavali, Fred Lang, L. A. Hayman, Prashant Rai, Sujit S. Prabhu, Donald F. Schomer, Vinodh A. Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the venous anatomy of the insula using conventional MR brain imaging and confocal reconstructions in cases with glioma induced venous dilatation (venous gliography). Methods: Routine clinical MRI brain scans that included thin cut (1.5–2 mm) post contrast T1 weighted imaging were retrospectively reviewed to assess the insular venous anatomy in 19 cases (11 males and 8 females) with insular gliomas. Reconstruction techniques (Anatom-e and Osirix) were used to improve understanding of the venous anatomy. Results: We identified the following insular and peri-insular veins on MRI: the superficial middle cerebral vein (SMCV), peri-insular sulcus vein, vein of the anterior limiting sulcus, the precentral, central, and posterior sulcus veins of the insula, the communicating veins and deep MCV. Conclusions: We concluded that venous anatomy of insula is complicated and is often overlooked by radiologists on MR brain imaging. Use of confocal imaging in different planes helped us to identify the superficial and deep middle cerebral veins and their relationship to the insula. The understanding of the insular venous architecture is also useful to distinguish these vessels from insular arteries. This knowledge may be helpful for presurgical planning prior to insular glioma resection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-161
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
StatePublished - Jul 15 2018


  • Confocal imaging
  • Deep middle cerebral vein
  • Insular gliomas
  • Insular veins
  • Superficial middle cerebral vein
  • Venous gliography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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