Morbidity in a population of low-income, female users of MDMA and other drugs

Z. H. Wu, T. U. Nguyen-Oghalai, N. K. Shokar, A. B. Berenson, L. Cottler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Few previous studies have reported on the overall health of drug-using women. To investigate this, 696 low-income women aged 1831 were recruited in a cross-sectional study from gynecological care clinics in Texas between 2001 and 2003. Compared to exclusive marijuana users and nondrug users, women who used MDMA and those who used other illicit drugs but not MDMA reported more gynecological conditions, medical conditions, depressive symptoms, and physical somatic complaints. We concluded that young, low-income women who used more than one illicit drug experience significantly more physical and psychological morbidity. Generalization of this study results may be limited to young women with low income but not to other populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1039-1054
Number of pages16
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2009


  • Comorbidity
  • Health disparities
  • MDMA
  • Women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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