Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization for Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A National Database Study of 191 Patients in the United States

Anna M. Nia, Visish M. Srinivasan, Rishi R. Lall, Peter Kan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Middle meningeal artery embolization (MMAE) has been used as an effective minimally invasive treatment for chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH). The demographics and clinical outcomes after MMAE treatment for cSDH have not yet been studied using a national database. Methods: We queried all MMAE cases up to October 7, 2020, from the TriNetX Analytics Network. We identified patients >18 years old who underwent MMAE for treatment of cSDH. Patient demographics, baseline characteristics, comorbidities, and clinical outcomes were evaluated within 180 days after MMAE. Analyses of 180-day mortality and recurrence were performed after propensity score matching to control for baseline characteristics and comorbidities. Results: The study included 191 patients (mean age 71.2 ± 13.5 years, 73.3% male, 69.6% White, 13.6% Black/African American, and 16.8% other race). Essential hypertension (71.3%), heart disease (62.8%), type 2 diabetes mellitus (27.2%), nicotine dependence (23.6%), chronic kidney disease (19.4%), and overweight/obesity (19.4%) were among the most prevalent comorbidities. At presentation, 20.4% and 40.3% of patients were on antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy, respectively. Outcomes within 180-day follow-up were 6.3% (1.0%–5.8% when propensity matched) for mortality (12 patients), 7.3% for craniotomy/craniectomy after MMAE (14 patients), 0.52%–5.2% for burr hole procedures (1–10 patients), and no patients with low vision/blindness. Conclusions: MMAE is a safe and effective minimally invasive procedure for treatment of cSDH. This is the first analysis of patients undergoing MMAE for cSDH using a national database.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e300-e307
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic subdural hematoma
  • Chronic subdural hemorrhage
  • Middle meningeal artery embolization
  • Refractory subdural hematoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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