Medical Education during the COVID-19: A Review of Guidelines and Policies Adapted during the 2020 Pandemic

Soichiro Saeki, Reiko Okada, Peter Y. Shane

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has dramatically changed education systems as most governments around the world closed schools to prevent outbreaks on campus. Medical education was not immune from these policies, and medical students were deprived of opportunities, particularly in clinical training. To determine how countries worldwide have responded to the pandemic, we conducted a literature review of the policies and guidelines of four countries: Japan, the United States (USA), the United Kingdom (UK) and Australia, as well as case reports of faculty and medical students up to September, 2020. Although the methods of implementation were unique to each country, the concept of “returning medical students to live education as quickly and safely as possible” was common. However, the extent to which students and faculty members became engaged in the treatment process of COVID-19 varied. While some countries endorsed students to work as members of medical staff to treat COVID-19, other countries took measures to ensure the safety of both medical students and patients. We await further reports worldwide in order to better understand the strategies employed by different nations in preparation for future possible infection outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number867
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • clinical clerkship
  • medical education
  • medical students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management


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