Layered double hydroxides as effective carrier for anticancer drugs and tailoring of release rate through interlayer anions

Sudipta Senapati, Ravi Thakur, Shiv Prakash Verma, Shivali Duggal, Durga Prasad Mishra, Parimal Das, T. Shripathi, Mohan Kumar, Dipak Rana, Pralay Maiti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hydrophobic anticancer drug, raloxifene hydrochloride (RH) is intercalated into a series of magnesium aluminum layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with various charge density anions through ion exchange technique for controlled drug delivery. The particle nature of the LDH in presence of drug is determined through electron microscopy and surface morphology. The release of drug from the RH intercalated LDHs was made very fast or sustained by altering the exchangeable anions followed by the modified Freundlich and parabolic diffusion models. The drug release rate is explained from the interactions between the drug and LDHs along with order-disorder structure of drug intercalated LDHs. Nitrate bound LDH exhibits greater interaction with drug and sustained drug delivery against the loosely interacted phosphate bound LDH-drug, which shows fast release. Cell viability through MTT assay suggests drug intercalated LDHs as better drug delivery vehicle for cancer cell line against poor bioavailability of the pure drug. In vivo study with mice indicates the differential tumor healing which becomes fast for greater drug release system but the body weight index clearly hints at damaged organ in the case of fast release system. Histopathological experiment confirms the damaged liver of the mice treated either with pure drug or phosphate bound LDH-drug, fast release system, vis-à-vis normal liver cell morphology for sluggish drug release system with steady healing rate of tumor. These observations clearly demonstrate that nitrate bound LDH nanoparticle is a potential drug delivery vehicle for anticancer drugs without any side effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-198
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
StatePublished - Feb 28 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Anti tumor activity
  • Controlled release
  • Histopathology
  • Layered double hydroxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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