Influence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome on host resistance against bacterial Infections

Hitoshi Takahashi, Yasuhiro Tsuda, Dan Takeuchi, Makiko Kobayashi, David N. Herndon, Fujio Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine the relationship between systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and host innate immunities against bacterial infections. Design: Controlled animal study. Setting: University research laboratory. Subjects: Male BALB/c mice, 8-10 wks of age. Interventions: Morbidity and mortality rates of severe SIRS mice were compared with those of mild SIRS mice after infection with Enterococcus faecalis or methiclllin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or exposure to infectious complications induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). in addition, a function of effector cells related to antibacterial innate immunities for these infections was analyzed in these two groups. Furthermore, SCIDbgMN mice (SCIDbg mice depleted of antibacterial effector cells) were reconstituted with effector cells from mild or severe SIRS mice and exposed to various infections. Measurements and Main Results: Severe SIRS mice were greatly susceptible to E. faecalis, MRSA, and CLP-induced sepsis. On the other hand, as compared with normal mice, mild SIRS mice were resistant to these infections. All of SCIDbgMN mice inoculifed with peritoneal macrophages (PMφ) from severe SIRS mice died after infection with E. faecalis or MRSA, whereas all SCID-bgMN mice inoculated with PMφ from mud SIRS mice survived after the same infection. SCIDbgMN mice that were inoculated with PMφ from normal mice and exposed to E. faecalis, MRSA, or CLP survived at rates of 50%, 50%, or 60%, respectively. PMφ from mild SRS mice exhibited typical properties for classically activated macrophages (CAMφ), whereas those from severe SIRS mice exhibited typical properties for alternatively activated macrophages (AAMφ). Conclusions: Mφ-associafed host antibacterial innate immunities are greatly influenced by SIRS levels. CAMφ, effector cells for the antibacterial innate immunity against E. faecalis, MRSA, and CLP-induced sepsis, are induced in mild SIRS mice. AAMφ with no antibacterial capabilities are generated in mice with severe SIRS. Induction of CAMφ may protect severe SIRS patients against infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1879-1885
Number of pages7
JournalCritical care medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • Enterococci
  • Innate immunity
  • Macrophages
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  • Sepsis
  • Systemic inflammatory response syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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