Induction of mammary tumors in virgin female BALB/c mice by single low doses of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene

S. P. Ethier, R. L. Ullrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The induction of mammary tumors in virgin female inbred BALB/c mice after administration of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) over a wide range of doses was studied. Mice were exposed at 12 weeks of age to single or multiple doses of DMBA ranging from 0.0025 to 12.0 mg by gastric intubation and were checked regularly for mammary tumors. The experiment was terminated when the mice were 800 days of age. In the dose range of 0.0025-0.125 mg DMBA, the incidence of mammary tumors was dose-dependent. At higher doses, the mammary tumor incidence became less dose-dependent and was nearly independent of doses above the 0.25-mg level. Analysis of the data for the rate of appearance of mammary tumors with age of the animals and for the age at death of non-mammary tumor-bearing animals indicated that in the low dose range induction of mammary tumors was the predominant effect of DMBA exposure, whereas at moderate to high doses the toxic and carcinogenic effects of DMBA on other tissues significantly influenced the final incidence of mammary tumors. Greater than 90% of the tumors that resulted from administration of low doses of DMBA were adenocarcinomas. In contrast, adenocarcinomas and adenoacanthomas were found in approximately equal proportions following administration of high doses of DMBA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1199-1203
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Induction of mammary tumors in virgin female BALB/c mice by single low doses of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this