In-utero radiofrequency ablation in fetal piglets: Lessons learned

Oluyinka O. Olutoye, Andre N. Gay, Fariha Sheikh, Adesola C. Akinkuotu, Miel Sundararajan, David A. Lazar, Irving J. Zamora, Bindi J. Naik-Mathuria, Darrell L. Cass, Ling Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is increasingly utilized in minimally invasive fetal intervention. However, the response of different fetal tissues to RFA is poorly characterized. We sought to determine the extent of RFA damage in a fetal environment. Methods 90 Day gestation Yorkshire piglets (term 115 days) were subjected to RFA of the chest and abdominal viscera under various temperatures and wattages. The extent of tissue damage was determined by NADPH diaphorase histochemistry. Results Tyne temperature was widely variable and displayed varying responses between lung and liver tissue. Tyne exposure to amniotic fluid resulted in an increase in amniotic fluid temperature. Collateral damage, even across the diaphragm, was readily seen, and ultrasonography did not always reflect this injury. Conclusions Utilization of extracorporeal tynes heats fluid at a greater rate than solid tissue and reliance on temperature sensitive probes may result in overheating. The extent of injury may extend beyond damage observed by ultrasound examination and varies for different tissues. Additional studies on the use of devices that regulate tyne temperature are needed to define optimal conditions and better define the extent of adjacent tissue injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)554-558
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Fetal surgery
  • Fetus
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Tumor
  • Yorkshire pig

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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