Implications of COVID-19 Infection on Arteriovenous Fistula Thrombosis

Camila Franco-Mesa, Elliot T. Walters, Nikhil R. Shah, Alen Palackic, Steven E. Wolf, Michael B. Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This study aims to identify and analyze implications of COVID‐19 positivity on AVF occlusion, subsequent treatment patterns, and ESRD patient outcomes. Our aim is to provide a quantitative context for vascular access surgeons in order to optimize surgical decision making and minimize patient morbidity. Methods: The de-identified national TriNetX database was queried to extracted all adult patients who had a known AVF between January 1, 2020 and December 31, 2021. From this cohort individuals who also were diagnosed with COVID‐19 prior to creation of their AVF were identified. Cohorts were propensity score matched according to age at AVF surgery, gender, ethnicity, diabetes mellitus, nicotine dependence, tobacco use, use of anticoagulant medications, and use of platelet aggregation inhibitors, hypertensive diseases, hyperlipidemia, and prothrombotic states. Results: After propensity score matching there were 5170 patients; 2585 patients in each group. The total patient population had 3023 (58.5%) males and 2147 (41.5%) females. The overall rate of thrombosis of AV fistulas was 300 (11.6%) in the cohort with COVID‐19 and 256 (9.9%) in the control group (OR 1.199, CI 1.005-1.43, P =.0453). Open revisions of AVF with thrombectomy were significantly higher in the COVID‐19 cohort compared to the non-COVID‐19 group (1.5% vs.5% P =.0002, OR 3.199, CI 1.668-6.136). Regarding the time from AVF creation to intervention, the median days for open thrombectomy in COVID-19 patients was 72 vs 105 days in controls. For endovascular thrombectomy, the median was 175 vs 168 days for the COVID-19 and control cohorts respectively. Conclusion: As for this study, there were significant differences in rates of thrombosis and open revisions of recent created AVF, however endovascular interventions remained remarkably low. As noted in this study, the persistent prothrombotic state of patients with a history of COVID‐19 may persist beyond the acute infectious period of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)732-737
Number of pages6
JournalVascular and Endovascular Surgery
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2023


  • COVID 19
  • arteriovenous
  • fistula
  • thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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