Impairment of Ca2+ mobilization in circular muscle cells of the inflamed colon

Xuan Zheng Shi, Sushil K. Sarna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


This study investigated whether inflammation modulates the mobilization of Ca2+ in canine colonic circular muscle cells. The contractile response of single cells from the inflamed colon was significantly suppressed in response to ACh, KCl, and BAY K8644. Methoxyverapamil and reduction in extracellular Ca2+ concentration dose-dependently blocked the response in both normal and inflamed cells. The increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration in response to ACh and KCl was significantly reduced in the inflamed cells. However, Ca2+ efflux from the ryanodine- and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive stores, as well as the decrease of cell length in response to ryanodine and IP3, were not affected. Heparin significantly blocked Ca2+ efflux and contraction in response to ACh in both conditions. ACh-stimulated accumulation of IP3 and the binding of [3H]ryanodine to its receptors were not altered by inflammation. Ruthenium red partially inhibited the response to ACh in normal and inflamed states. We conclude that the canine colonic circular muscle cells utilize Ca2+ influx through L-type channels as well as Ca2+ release from the ryanodine- and IP3-sensitive stores to contract. Inflammation impairs Ca2+ influx through L-type channels, but it may not affect intracellular Ca2+ release. The impairment of Ca2+ influx may contribute to the suppression of circular muscle contractility in the inflamed state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G234-G242
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Issue number2 41-2
StatePublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Acetylcholine
  • Calcium
  • Calcium influx
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
  • Intracellular calcium stores
  • Motility
  • Ryanodine
  • Signal transduction
  • Smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)


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