Higher-order CRF tumor segmentation with discriminant manifold potentials

Samuel Kadoury, Nadine Abi-Jaoudeh, Pablo A. Valdes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The delineation of tumor boundaries in medical images is an essential task for the early detection, diagnosis and follow-up of cancer. However accurate segmentation remains challenging due to presence of noise, inhomogeneity and high appearance variability of malignant tissue. In this paper, we propose an automatic segmentation approach using fully-connected higher-order conditional random fields (HOCRF) where potentials are computed within a discriminant Grassmannian manifold. First, the framework learns within-class and between-class similarity distributions from a training set of images to discover the optimal manifold discrimination between normal and pathological tissues. Second, the conditional optimization scheme computes non-local pairwise as well as pattern-based higher-order potentials from the manifold subspace to recognize regions with similar labelings and incorporate global consistency in the inference process. Our HOCRF framework is applied in the context of metastatic liver tumor segmentation in CT images. Compared to state of the art methods, our method achieves better performance on a group of 30 liver tumors and can deal with highly pathological cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2013 - 16th International Conference, Proceedings
Pages719-726
Number of pages8
EditionPART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event16th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2013 - Nagoya, Japan
Duration: Sep 22 2013Sep 26 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 1
Volume8149 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2013
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityNagoya
Period9/22/139/26/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science

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