Hand Injuries: Boxer Fractures and Fight Bites

Suzanne Alton, Nikoletta Carayannopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article addresses the need to evaluate closed-fist injuries for skin abrasions, to identify conditions and situations that increase suspicion for fight bites from closed fist injuries, and to recognize clinical signs requiring referral to higher level of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-338
Number of pages5
JournalJournal for Nurse Practitioners
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • boxer fracture
  • fight bite
  • hand injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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