Gene expression profiling of human decidual macrophages: Evidence for immunosuppressive phenotype

Charlotte Gustafsson, Jenny Mjösberg, Andreas Matussek, Robert Geffers, Leif Matthiesen, Göran Berg, Surendra Sharma, Jan Buer, Jan Ernerudh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Although uterine macrophage are thought to play an important regulatory role at the maternal-fetal interface, their global gene expression profiles is known. Methodology/Pricipal Findings: Using micro-array comprising approximately 14,000 genes, the gene expression pattern of human first trimester decidual CD14+ monocytes/macrophages was characterized and compared with the expression profile of the corresponding cells in blood. Some of the key findings were confirmed by real time PCR or by secreted protein. A unique expression pattern intrinsic of first trimester decidual CD14+ cells was demonstrated. A large number of regulated genes were functionally related to immunomodulation and tissue remodelling, corroborating polarization patterns of differentiated macrophages mainly of the alternatively activated M2 phenotype. These include known M2 markers such as CCL-18, CD209, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, mannose receptor c type (MRC)-1 and fibronectin-1. Further, the selective up-regulation of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-2, alpha-2-macrolobulin (A2M) and prostaglandin D2 synthase (PGDS) provides new insights into regulatory function of decidual macrophages in pregnancy that may have implications in pregnancy complications. Conclusions/Significance: The molecular characterization of decidual macrophages presents a unique transcriptional profile replete with important components for fetal immunoprotection and provides several clues for further studies of these cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2078
JournalPloS one
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 30 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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