Flurothyl-induced seizures in rats activate Fos in brainstem catecholaminergic neurons

D. C. Silveira, S. C. Schachter, D. L. Schomer, G. L. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Autonomic changes accompany seizures in both animals and humans. While ictal autonomic dysfunction can be life-threatening, the participating neural networks involved are poorly understood. In this study we examined the activation of Fos following generalized seizures in brainstem structures known to mediate autonomic function. Adult female rats were sacrificed 2 h after flurothyl-induced seizures. Double-immunostaining for c-Fos and dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DBH), and c-Fos and phenylethanol-N-methyl-transferase (PNMT) were performed in brainstem slices. Numbers of DBH-labeled neurons expressing Fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) (DBH/Fos) and PNMT labeled neurons expressing FLI (PNMT/Fos) were counted in the noradrenergic (A1, A2, A5, A7) and adrenergic (C1, C2) cell groups localized in pons and medulla oblongata. Among the experimental animals, the highest degree of co-localization of DBH/Fos neurons was observed in the locus coeruleus (A6; 87.7%), and in the A1(72.8%) cell group located in the caudal ventrolateral medulla (VLM). No co-localization of DBH/Fos neurons was observed in control animals. The highest degree of co-localization of PNMT/Fos neurons was observed in the C1 adrenergic cell group (84.2%) located in the rostral VLM. Control animals showed very few (5.5%) PNMT/Fos co-localized neurons in the C1 adrenergic cell group. Our results indicate that flurothyl-induced generalized seizures in rats activate catecholaminergic neurons in the pons and medulla oblongata. Further studies are necessary to determine whether activation of brainstem catecholaminergic neurons contribute to the autonomic manifestations that frequently accompany epileptic seizures. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autonomic centers
  • Brainstem
  • Epilepsy
  • Flurothyl
  • Fos
  • Rats
  • Seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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