End-Stage Liver Disease in a State Prison Population

Jacques Baillargeon, Roger D Soloway, David Paar, Thomas P. Giordano, Owen Murray, James Grady, Brie Williams, John Pulvino, Ben G. Raimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objectives: Information on the epidemiology of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) in US correctional populations is limited. We examined the prevalence, mortality and clinical characteristics of ESLD in the nation's second largest state prison system. Methods: We collected and analyzed medical and demographic data from 370,511 offenders incarcerated in Texas' prison system during a 3.5-year period. Results: ESLD was diagnosed in 484 inmates (131/100,000); 213 (57/100,000) died of ESLD. Offenders who were Hispanic, 30-49 years of age, ≥50 years of age, HIV monoinfected, hepatitis C virus (HCV) monoinfected, or HIV/HCV coinfected had elevated ESLD prevalence and mortality rates. Conclusions: ESLD mortality in Texas' prison population is approximately 3 times higher than that of the general population, reflecting elevated rates of HCV and HIV/HCV coinfection among prisoners. Ultimately, the only viable treatment option for many prisoners with ESLD will be liver transplantation. The enormous costs of organ transplantation and immunosuppressive therapy are staggering and have the potential to decimate the healthcare budgets of most prison systems. Consequently, it is imperative that correctional healthcare programs expand HCV treatment and prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)808-813
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2007


  • End-Stage Liver Disease
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis C
  • Prisons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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